MiG-29 jet fighters of the Russian aerobatic team Strizhi (The Swifts) perform near Moscow. (Maxim Zmeyev/Reuters)
The Feb. 21 front-page article “For Turkey, high stakes as troubles intensify” highlighted a critical development: The growing military alliance between Russia and Armenia is threatening Turkey, an indispensable U.S. ally and partner in the fight against the Islamic State.
The announcement that Russia is sending a new set of fighter jets and combat helicopters to an air base only 25 miles from the Turkish border is just the latest example of this alliance.
The two countries’ economic and military ties run deep, bolstered by economic and security agreements and two military bases — including one just outside the Armenian capital. Most significant, Armenia is the only country in the region that shares a border with Turkey and has Russian troops permanently stationed.
Although Armenia has welcomed thousands of Russian troops and advanced weaponry, these developments seemed to have escaped the notice of U.S. officials, who were settling in for the holidays while Russia and Armenia signed a sweeping air defense agreement two days before Christmas.
Anti-government protesters gesture as riot police use a water cannon to disperse them in central Yerevan early on June 23, 2015
Yerevan (AFP) – Nearly 6,000 demonstrators rallied in the Armenian capital on Tuesday after riot police used water cannon to break up an earlier protest against electricity price hikes.
Waving national flags and chanting “Shame!” and “No to robbery!” angry protesters flooded Yerevan’s central Freedom Square Tuesday evening before marching towards the presidential palace, an AFP journalist reported.
They also demanded the release of nearly 240 people who were detained at dawn when police dispersed a similar protest.
“We will not surrender,” young protester Artak Harutyunyan told AFP.
Calling the rally “illegal”, Armenia’s interior ministry warned protesters against “artificially rising tensions.”
Public anger has mounted over the government’s decision to hike power prices by over 16 percent from August 1 in the poor ex-Soviet country of 3.2 million, already badly hit by the economic crisis in Russia.
View galleryDemonstrators protest against the increase of electricity …
Demonstrators protest against the increase of electricity prices, in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia …
Some 4,000 protesters marched on the presidential palace on Monday, accusing President Serzh Sarkisian’s government of failing to combat poverty.
Several hundred remained on the street overnight, holding a sit-in and blocking traffic.
Hundreds of riot police moved in during the early hours to disperse them, using batons and water cannon in the most serious confrontation between protesters and police in the past few years.
Plainclothes officers also beat up journalists and destroyed or confiscated their equipment.
Most of the detained protesters had been released by Tuesday evening.
View galleryDemonstrators speak to police as they block the street …
Demonstrators speak to police as they block the street during a protest against an increase of elect …
The overnight rally was the culmination of several days of protests aimed at forcing Sarkisian to cancel the tariff hikes, with protests also taking place Monday in several other cities.
– ‘Journalists targeted’ –
The prosecutor-general’s office said it had opened a probe into “hooliganism and disturbing public order”, with protesters facing up to a year in jail if found guilty.
Armenia’s health ministry said 25 people, including 11 police, were treated for injuries including fractures.
The US embassy in Armenia said it was concerned by police violence and called for a “full and transparent investigation.
View galleryRiot police use a water cannon to disperse demonstrators …
Riot police use a water cannon to disperse demonstrators protesting a government hike in electricity …
“We are troubled by reports that journalists and their equipment were specifically targeted during the operation,” the embassy said.
The EU’s mission in Armenia also expressed concern over reports of excessive force against peaceful protesters and violence against journalists, while Amnesty International called for the government to “protect the right to freedom of expression and assembly”.
Some political analysts said the protests could have serious consequences.
“Protesters have no links to any political forces whatsoever. This is a purely social rebellion,” independent analyst Stepan Safarian told AFP.
“We’re witnessing an unprecedented situation in Armenia where a civil protest movement is taking root amid widespread poverty,” he said.
“All this may lead to political change.”
Armenia’s power distribution company, which is owned by the Russian state-controlled holding Inter RAO, requested the government raise electricity tariffs due to a sharp devaluation of the national currency, the dram.
Armenia, an ally of Moscow’s, has been hit hard by the economic crisis in Russia brought on by falling oil prices and Western sanctions over Ukraine.
Exports to Russia — Armenia’s foremost trading partner — have fallen, as have remittances from Armenians working there, an important source of income for many families.
In January, the country joined the Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union, further increasing Yerevan’s dependence on its former imperial master.
The country is economically isolated as its borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan are blocked due to ongoing international disputes.